The Nobel Prize is the idea of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) a Swedish chemist and businessman, known for the inventing the dynamite. The Nobel Prize started in 1901, after 5 years of Nobel’s death. Basically it was written in his Nobel’s the idea of the prizes. Let’s start with those 10 facts.
10. Alfred Nobel’s Testament
He introduced a clause in his testament stating that he wishes that all of his wealth to be offered each year “in form of prizes” to those who brought the greatest services to humanity in the last year.
9. Who can receive it?
Well, anyone can be at least nominated for a Nobel Prize. The prizes are given to people who made an important contribution in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics or Medicine.
In 1968, on the occasion of 300 years since its inception, the National Bank of Sweden instituted the Economics Prize in memory of Alfred Nobel.
7. Fields Medal
It is the equivalent of Nobel Prize for mathematicians.
6. Annually ceremonies
Nobel Prizes are awarded annually. The Nobel Peace Prize is offered in Oslo and the other awards are given in Stockholm.
5. The Value
The Nobel Prize value has risen from $40,000 to the equivalent of $900,000.
4. The youngest winner
The youngest winner of the Nobel Prize winner is Lawrence Bragg. In 1915, at just 25 years, the British received the Nobel Prize in Physics.
3. The oldest winner
Leonid Hurwicz is the oldest Nobel laureate. The American-born Russian was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2007 at the age of 90.
2. Men power
Most of the winners are men. For example, only two women were awarded with the Nobel for Physics. The same prize was offered to approximately 200 men over time.
1. The first woman
Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in 1903. In 1911 she won another one in Chemistry “for her discovery of radium and polonium”.