This day in history marks an anniversary for the Carabinieri from Italy. On July 13, 1814, King Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy created the Italian gendarmerie, which was actually an inspiration from the French Gendarmerie.
What is Carabinieri?
Well, is a military force charged with police duties, but is under the authority of the Ministry of Defence and/or (depending on the country) Ministry of the Interior. In other words, the carabinieri are part of the army.
The aim of the corps was to provide the Kingdom of Sardinia with trusty police corps.
The entire force was divided into small division, one division for each province. Further, each province division was divided into companies and subdivided into lieutenancies. Therefore, the carabineers were the “new police” for the entire population.
Further on you will find out few interesting facts about the local police from Italy, which also inspired many other countries to establish gendarmes.
- During the fascist regime, the Carabinieri were the only police force entrusted with suppressing opposition.
- In WWII they fought against the Allies and Yugoslav partisans.
- The Germans order to disband the Carabinieri units due to the role the Carabinieri had played in the downfall of Mussolini and by October 7, 1943 all the units in Axis-controlled territories were officially disbanded.
- In late history Carabinieri units are known for they peacekeeping missions (Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq)
- The national police agency in Italy was dissolved on December 31, 2016 and all of the personnel were militarized and absorbed by the Carabinieri
- The have a special operational group (Raggruppamento Operativo Speciale) to deal with organized crime.
- Italy’s Carabinieri is officially older that the country itself
- Their names comes from the “carabina” the riffle they carried
- Just like any other forces, they are loved and hated: hailed for their acts of courage and condemned for excessive violence