Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy is established (July 13, 1814) - History Key

Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy is established (July 13, 1814)

This day in history marks an anniversary for the Carabinieri from Italy. On July 13, 1814, King Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy created the Italian gendarmerie, which was actually an inspiration from the French Gendarmerie.

What is Carabinieri?

Well, is a military force charged with police duties, but is under the authority of the Ministry of Defence and/or (depending on the country) Ministry of the Interior. In other words, the carabinieri are part of the army.

The aim of the corps was to provide the Kingdom of Sardinia with trusty police corps.

The entire force was divided into small division, one division for each province. Further, each province division was divided into companies and subdivided into lieutenancies. Therefore, the carabineers were the “new police” for the entire population.

Photo of a Carabiniere around 1875. The 'Medal of Italian Independence' is worn, indicating a veteran of the Risorgimento (The Wars for Italian Unification)
Photo of a Carabiniere around 1875. The ‘Medal of Italian Independence’ is worn, indicating a veteran of the Risorgimento (The Wars for Italian Unification) © Ippolito Strizzi, Roma /Image Source: Wikipedia

Further on you will find out few interesting facts about the local police from Italy, which also inspired many other countries to establish gendarmes.

Facts

  • During the fascist regime, the Carabinieri were the only police force entrusted with suppressing opposition.
Visconti Prasca
Visconti Prasca © Image Source: carabinieri.it
  • In WWII they fought against the Allies and Yugoslav partisans.
  • The Germans order to disband the Carabinieri units due to the role the Carabinieri had played in the downfall of Mussolini and by October 7, 1943 all the units in Axis-controlled territories were officially disbanded.
Mussolini rescued by German troops from his prison in Campo Imperatore on 12 September 1943
Mussolini rescued by German troops from his prison in Campo Imperatore on 12 September 1943 © Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-567-1503A-07/CC BY-SA 3.0 de/Image Source: Wikipedia
  • In late history Carabinieri units are known for they peacekeeping missions (Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq)
Carabinieri
Carabinieri © Image Source: alfredomacchi.it
  • The national police agency in Italy was dissolved on December 31, 2016 and all of the personnel were militarized and absorbed by the Carabinieri
Officers of the State Forestry Corp
Officers of the State Forestry Corp © Iaconianni family – Fotoguru.it/Image Source: Wikipedia
  • The have a special operational group (Raggruppamento Operativo Speciale) to deal with organized crime.
  • Italy’s Carabinieri is officially older that the country itself
An Italian Carabinieri GEM e2 (called the Ovetti – "little eggs") in Carabinieri service. Used for patrolling urban areas
An Italian Carabinieri GEM e2 (called the Ovetti – “little eggs”) in Carabinieri service. Used for patrolling urban areas © Jollyroger /Image Source: Wikipedia
  • Their names comes from the “carabina” the riffle they carried
Carabiniere Gun
Carabiniere Gun © Getty/Image Source: ichef-1.bbci.co.uk
  • Just like any other forces, they are loved and hated: hailed for their acts of courage and condemned for excessive violence
1st Paratroopers Carabinieri Regiment "Tuscania"
1st Paratroopers Carabinieri Regiment “Tuscania” © user: Jollyroger /Image Source: Wikipedia

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