A car bomb intended for a Mafia boss, kills 7 police and military officers (June 30, 1963) - History Key

A car bomb intended for a Mafia boss, kills 7 police and military officers (June 30, 1963)

The Italian Mafia has appeared in villages and their first actions are related to rural life. Their defining character, such as a well-structured organization, the silence laws, delimitation of spheres of influences, operational areas or secret relations among the authorities gained the public attention.

The Mafia emerged at the beginning of the 18th century, being closely related to the landowners. The “illegitimates” were trained by the “company” managers, guards, tax officers with powerful influences among the authorities. Even so, the trainees were usually poor, without any properties. Just like a real company, the Italian Mafia always looked for the best market in order to increase their profits. At first, they stole cows and horses and later on they entered the drug business.

Culmination point

When it comes to an organized crime network, there will always be war, no matter what. This article is related to the Ciaculli massacre, which was a bomb attack caused by the explosion of a car on June 30, 1963. The explosion took place in the suburb of Palermo and killed seven people, all of them police or military officers. However, the attack was prepared in order to kill Salvatore “Ciaschiteddu” Greco, the boss of the Ciaculli Mafia family.

Seven police and military officers: Mario Malausa, Silvio Corrao, Calogero Vaccaro, Eugenio Altomare and Mario Farbelli from the Carabinieri, and Pasquale Nuccio and Giorgio Ciacci from the Army
Seven police and military officers: Mario Malausa, Silvio Corrao, Calogero Vaccaro, Eugenio Altomare and Mario Farbelli from the Carabinieri, and Pasquale Nuccio and Giorgio Ciacci from the Army © Image Source: ancispettoratosicilia.it

Michele Cavataio who was responsible for the Ciaculli bomb (according to Tommaso Buscetta), triggered a bomb to kill Salvatore “Ciaschiteddu” Greco, but he didn’t kill his target. He took the life of 7 other people who were not related to their inner conflicts. In the mafia when it comes to an attack, the others will respond in one way or another. So, the Ciaculli Mafia responded, but they waited. The killer was killed six years later in the Viale Lazio in Palermo.

Killer © Image Source: mafieitaliane.it
Killer © Image Source: mafieitaliane.it

Mafia War

In the 1950s, the Italian Mafia had a strong influence on urban propriety and land speculations, but also critically influenced the meat and fish market from Palermo. On the other hand, the drug business was one of the most “generous” markets available. Therefore, the disputes within the Mafia families grew which also led to the Ciaculli bombing.

The Ciaculli massacre was one of the most serious attacks between the rival families from Palermo in the 1960s. The attacks during that time are now known as the First Mafia War. The event from June 30, 1963, changed the Mafia War into a war against the Mafia by the local authorities.

Ciaculli-massacre-police-officer
Dead body of the police officer after the Ciaculli Massacre © Image Source: khouseafrica.com

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