On this day in 1944, in the Dumbarton Oaks estate at Georgetown, the representatives from United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and China met in order to establish an organization that will provide the global security and peace. This organization is now known as the United Nations. The meeting is formally known as the Washington Conversation on International Peace and Security Organization or more simply, the Dumbarton Oaks Conference.
The meeting was held after a promise of the Moscow Declaration of 1943 which stated the need of an organization to replace the League of Nations. The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organization founded in January 1920 in order to maintain the world peace.
The interesting fact is that the conference was held in two phases because the Soviets didn’t want to meet directly with the Chinese. In the first phase, the representatives of the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States negotiated from August 21 until September 28. After that, the Chinese “replaced” the Soviets. The discussions lasted until October 7.
The stated purposes of the new organizations were:
– To maintain international peace and security;
– To take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of possible threats to the peace;
– The develop friendly relations among the nations and to take measures to strengthen universal peace;
– To achieve international cooperation in order to solve the economic, social and humanitarian problems;
However, this particular meeting wasn’t enough to solve the voting system within the organization. Two more detailed meetings were held the following year in order to shape the organization: The Yalta Conference and the San Francisco Conference.