Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon (July 25, 1993) - History Key

Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon (July 25, 1993)

The conflict between Israel and the Muslim states is always there and probably will last for a long time. Unfortunately the violence between these states is rather a political one than a religious one.

Lebanon’s Hezbollah is backed by Iran and has greater support among ordinary citizens than Israel suggests
Lebanon’s Hezbollah is backed by Iran and has greater support among ordinary citizens than Israel suggests © Image Source: AFP/Getty

Operation Accountability

This day in history in 1993 Israel attacked Lebanon. The codename for this quick attack is known as Operation Accountability, but Lebanon named it the Seven-Day War. Israel had two important objectives during the operation.

IDF tanks making their way to Lebanon
IDF tanks making their way to Lebanon © Amikam Horesh/ Image Source: ynetnews.com

The first one was to strike Hezbollah in order to make it difficult for the Lebanese troops to use the southern Lebanon as a base for sticking Israel. The second one was to displace the refugees from that area. Sadly the attack affected both civilian populations.

Hezbollah

Hezbollah is known as a military-political party, literally translated as the “Party of Allah”. During that time it was funded by Iran, Syria and it was believed to be receiving refuge from Lebanon.

Flag of Hezbollah
Flag of Hezbollah © This is a logo owned by Hezbollah for Hezbollah/ Image Source: Wikipedia

However in June, 1993 the Hezbollah attacked a village from Israel and later on that month they killed five Israeli Defense Forces soldiers (IDF) inside the occupied territory. Probably this was the main reason for Operation Accountability.

When it comes to a conflict, the belligerents are often “forgetting” the laws of war. This happened also in the Seven-Day War. According to Human Rights Watch, Israel and Hezbollah violated the laws of war by attacking civilian targets. For instance, Israel bombed thousands of houses and buildings affecting more than 300,000 civilians.

The Israeli forces also destroyed the most part of the infrastructure, but also major electricity stations. On the other hand, Hezbollah responded with rocket attacks against the Israeli civilian.

A short ceasefire

Finally, Israel officially declared that they attacked only Hezbollah targets in order to stop them from civilian attacks. Meanwhile, Hezbollah sustain the same thing, but from the other point of view.

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993 © Vince Musi / The White House – gpo.gov/ Image Source: Wikipedia

Anyway, US intervened and managed to obtain an oral agreement from both sides and the ceasefire was reached. Unfortunately the agreement wasn’t respected because another conflict occurred in 1996.

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