This day in history remains as one of the most critical moves that Adolf Hitler made during the Gleichschaltung. The Gleichschaltung was the process of Nazification of Germany which established the totalitarian system and the control over all aspects of the German society.
On July 14, 1933, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party officially pronounced itself as the only legal political party in Germany. Any other party from that day is outlawed and drastic measures could be made in order to maintain the singularity of the party.
Democratic rise of Adolf Hitler
At first, let’s get back to the rise of Adolf Hitler. As you probably know, he fought for his country during WWI and his comrades were impressed by his actions during the war. After WWI, Hitler was devastated after the Treaty of Versailles, when Germany surrendered and accepted the terms.
For this shame, he blamed the Jews and the communists and his only goal was to rebuild Germany into a world power. Therefore, in 1919 joined a political career by being member of the German Workers‘ Party. Soon he became the leader of the political party and renamed it into „National Socialist German Workers‘ Party“, or simply Nazi Party. The interesting fact is that in 1923 he was imprisoned because he was part of the coup d’etat attempt. In there he wrote his famous book: Mein Kampf.
In April 1930 he used the Nazi propaganda in order to influence the Germans for the next elections and also his „wrong imprisonment“. Therefore, the Nazis gained incredible supporters among the Germans and they managed to won significant seats in the 1930 elections and since then, the Nazi Party became an important one.
One by one…
At first, you must consider that Adolf Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany at the end of January 1933. In short time after his „rise“, he started the Gleichschaltung. For example he planned to take full control of the entire country’s political and economical institutions. Another example is that the home of the German Parliament was set on fire and the Nazis claimed that it was a communist plot to overthrow the Nazis from the government.
The next day, Hitler issued a document: „For the Protection of the People and the State“ which allowed them to control all the citizens and arrest all the communists leaders. However, as you probably think as well, many historians believe that the fire was started by the Nazis.
…until it is the only one
The legal basis for Hitler’s dictatorship was created after the pass of the Enabling Act. An act the only the Social Democratic Party voted against it. After that important moment, the Nazi’s had the full control over the country and of course, outlawed the Social Democratic Party. Now, with no other opposition in the government, the Nazis disbanded all the political parties one by one.
On July 14, with no other legal political parties, the Nazis passed the Law Against the Establishment of Parties. The Act included that anyone who tries to establish a party will be pushed with penal servitude up to three years.