The Ottomans led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat the king of Hungary (August 29, 1526) - History Key

The Ottomans led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat the king of Hungary (August 29, 1526)

The Battle of Mohacs is one of the most important battles in the 16th century in Europe with profound implications for the future of the eastern part of the continent, but also for the entire Europe. The battle is one of the most important milestones of Hungarian history and the battleground has become a symbolic place for both nations.

The Hungarian army was considered at that time one of the largest and most powerful armies in Europe. It was formed by 40,000 soldiers in case of an offensive strategy and 80,000 in case of a defense strategy. On the other hand, the Ottoman army numbered about 100,000 soldiers, most of them experienced and eager to fight.

The battle of Mohács, on an Ottoman miniature
The battle of Mohács, on an Ottoman miniature © CC BY-SA 3.0, Image Source: Wikipedia

Commanders

Louis II of Hungary – The last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia. He had no legitimate offspring. He died on August 29, 1526, falling from his horse in a river.

Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia
Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia © Image Source: Wikipedia

Suleiman the Magnificent – One of the most important sultans of the Ottoman Empire. He is also known as the sultans with the longest reign in the history of Ottoman Empire. He personally led the Ottoman armies in a successful campaign, conquering Rhodes, Belgrade and most of Hungary and parts of North Africa.

Suleiman I
Suleiman the Magnificent © Image Source: Wikipedia

What happened?

After Louis II of Hungary died during the Battle of Mohacs, the Hungarian kingdom remained without a sovereign and ended its independent existence. Even though the Hungarian Kingdom did not exist as a territory, the Hungarian monarchic institutions continued to exist. It was claimed by the Austrian archdukes. Therefore, the Habsburgs immediately conquered the western and northern part of Hungary.

Discovery of the Corpse of King Louis II
Discovery of the Corpse of King Louis II © Image Source: Wikipedia

The Ottomans advance continued and their next “target” was Vienna in 1529 and 1532. The Battle of Mohacs started a dominance of the Ottoman Empire in Europe that lasted until 1699 when the Ottomans lost much of the Hungarian territories.

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