US President D. Eisenhower signs into law the existence of NASA (July 29, 1958) - History Key

US President D. Eisenhower signs into law the existence of NASA (July 29, 1958)

This day in 1958 the president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower allows the official “birth” of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). He said that this act will be a historical one because US will take the leadership in the space age. In other words, Eisenhower created NASA in response to the Soviet Union’s launch of the first artificial satellite the previous year.

President Eisenhower commissioned Dr. T. Keith Glennan, right, as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. The National Aeronautics and Space Act (Pub.L. 85-568), the United States federal statute that created NASA, was signed on July 29, 1958
President Eisenhower commissioned Dr. T. Keith Glennan, right, as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. The National Aeronautics and Space Act (Pub.L. 85-568), the United States federal statute that created NASA, was signed on July 29, 1958 © NASA/Image Source: nasa.gov

After WWII, the US focused to bring the rocket science on a higher level. The new legislation basically has widened the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) into NASA. NASA research was founded with huge amounts of money thanks to Eisenhower and his successors: J.F. Kennedy and R. Nixon.

First TV image of Earth from space was recorded by TIROS 1
First TV image of Earth from space was recorded by TIROS 1 © NASA/Image Source: Wikipedia

As you probably know, during that time NASA took the humankind on the Moon and back for several times. They expanded our vision and understanding regarded to space. Recently they even sent robots on Mars and launched spacecraft to view and analyse different planets (Pluto, Jupiter) or other celestial objects.

Dr. Wernher von Braun explains the Saturn Launch System to President John F. Kennedy — at Cape Canaveral, Florida.. NASA Deputy Administrator Robert Seamans is to the left of von Braun. On 16 November 1963, six days before the President's assassination
Dr. Wernher von Braun explains the Saturn Launch System to President John F. Kennedy — at Cape Canaveral, Florida.. NASA Deputy Administrator Robert Seamans is to the left of von Braun. On 16 November 1963, six days before the President’s assassination © NASA/Image Source: Wikipedia

On the other hand, NASA also contributed to advances in consumer-oriented goods such as computer technology. In the next few rows you’ll find a couple of interesting facts about NASA that you probably didn’t know.

Facts

  1. Chevrolet “Astrovette”

During the 60s, NASA astronauts could buy a new Corvette each year, for only $1.

Chevrolet Corvette 1969
Chevrolet Corvette 1969 © Image Source: motortrend.com
  1. Wind Tunnel

In 1965 NASA built a wind tunnel capable of reaching wind speed of up to Mach 50, which is 50 times faster than the speed of sound

  1. Moon rocks

A NASA intern, That Roberts was sentenced to prison for 7 years because he had sex with his girlfriend on a bed full of stolen moon rocks.

  1. Text or email from NASA

NASA will text or email you whenever the International Space Station passes overhead. Sign up here: https://spotthestation.nasa.gov/signup.cfm

  1. Trespassing on Mars

Three Yemen citizens sued NASA for trespassing on Mars. They claimed that they inherited the planet from their ancestors 3,000 years ago.

  1. The sound of Earth

NASA recorded the radio signature of Earth.

  1. You can be an astronaut

If you can travel higher than 50 miles from the Earth’s surface, NASA will recognize you as an astronaut

  1. Radio Station

NASA has its own radio station called “Third Rock Radio”

  1. We are rich

NASA estimated that the value of resources in the asteroid belt exceeds the amount of $100 billion for every person alive.

  1. Radio Telescope on Moon

NASA plans to build a radio telescope on the far side of the moon by 2030.

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