Vincent van Gogh shoots himself (July 27, 1890) - History Key

Vincent van Gogh shoots himself (July 27, 1890)

Several experts from Amsterdam have come to the conclusion that the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh suffered from a condition that caused him repeated psychotic episodes in the last 18 months of his life.

A head and shoulders portrait of a thirty something man, with a red beard, facing to the left
A head and shoulders portrait of a thirty something man, with a red beard, facing to the left © Vincent van Gogh / Image Source: Wikipedia

Despite this clear conclusion, the Dutch experts are unable to establish a definitive diagnosis defining the general mental state of van Gogh. Researchers say that his nervous breakdown, after which he cut his own year in 1888, could have been the result of excessive alcohol consumption or stress.

Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear, 1889, Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear, 1889, Courtauld Institute of Art, London © Vincent van Gogh / Image Source: Wikipedia

In order to establish his mental problems, several medical researchers and historians analysed many of his letters. Of course the theories were numerous such as: bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and syphilis.

Who was he?

Vincent van Gogh was born in 1853. His interest in art turned out early and by the age of 16 he already worked for Goupil & Co, but he was fired for the lack of motivation.

From 1878 he moved to Belgium into a community of miners. In here he made his first sketches and drawings. Van Gogh was encouraged by his brother to continue with the art and by 1880 he was fully committed to it. He travelled to several areas from the Netherlands. You can see that in his landscape paintings.

He was also called as the “peasant painter” because of his influence by the genre of rural art. Van Gogh is considered one of the greatest artists of all time. Its paintings exposed in the world’s largest museum are highly valued among collectors.

His painting “Portrait of Dr. Gachet” made in 1890 was sold for $82.5 million at an auction organized in New York in 1990. In 2015 another painting of Gogh was sold for $66 million. Today are about 1,000 paintings in the world painted by van Gogh.

Portrait of Dr. Gachet This painting is the first version of this motif Portrait of Dr. Gachet was painted in June 1890 at Auvers-sur-Oise, during the last months of van Gogh's life, before his suicide. He made two versions of the painting, which differ in color
Portrait of Dr. Gachet This painting is the first version of this motif Portrait of Dr. Gachet was painted in June 1890 at Auvers-sur-Oise, during the last months of van Gogh’s life, before his suicide. He made two versions of the painting, which differ in color © Vincent van Gogh / Image Source: Wikipedia

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